leptospirosis in dogs treatment pdf

Early diagnosis, treatment, and supportive care are essential to giving your dog the best chance for survival. During that time, protect yourself and others: • Wash your hands carefully after direct contact with your dog or its urine. Leptospirosis occurs in dogs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, South American camelids and farmed cervids, but illness seems to be rare in cats. When Leptospirosis does cause disease in dogs, it tends to be most severe in unvaccinated dogs that are younger than 6 months of age. for leptospirosis. While rare, leptospirosis has been reported in cats.10 Serologic evidence of exposure has been confirmed in cats to L. canicola, L. grippotyphosa, and L. pomona.1 Exposure is thought to occur due to rodent exposure,1 and can result in clinical illness and histopathologic changes consistent with changes seen in dogs with leptospirosis. Treatment. It is important to understand that even if your dog is vaccinated, there is not a 100% guarantee that they will not contract leptospirosis. The infected animal can be successfully treated with streptopenicillin with supportive treatment. Vaccinate your dog(s) if you live in an area known to have leptospirosis or if your dog is at higher risk. Cats are susceptible to leptospirosis but symptoms are usually mild to unapparent. It takes about 4-12 days after exposure for a dog … The disease is maintained in nature by several species of small mammals including raccoons, skunks, mice, shrews and opossums. References 1. • History of close contact with cattle or other dogs known to have leptospirosis. Other dogs that live in the same household/kennel where one dog has been diagnosed with leptospirosis may need treatment. dogs that have close contact with cattle are at increased risk for leptospirosis. Humans are also vulnerable to leptospirosis. The haematology revealed decreased hemoglobin level, increased PCV and TLC. Disease also seems to be uncommon in camels, although this might result from nomadic husbandry rather than innate resistance. It is important to let your veterinarian know about your other dogs – and other pets. Clinicians should suspect leptospirosis in dogs if there is… • Renal or hepatic failure, uveitis, pulmonary hemorrhage, acute febrile illness, or abortion. Small breed dogs and dogs that live in urban environments may at first seem to have a lower risk, but are in fact the most frequent patients in veterinary hospitals that are diagnosed with leptospirosis! Treatment For dogs presenting with acute kidney injury, supportive therapy with intravenous fluids is indicated. Blood analysis of the dog revealed azotemia and hyperpho-sphatemia, the biochemical values showed elevated liver enzymes. The dog should be rehydrated and fluids given to support diuresis and replace ongoing losses. leptospirosis infection in dogs. Currently, there are few experimental studies that allow the selection of antibiotic protocols for the treatment of leptospirosis in dogs. TRANSMISSION patient presents with symptoms consistent with leptospirosis. After starting treatment, your dog may continue to pass leptospirosis bacteria for six weeks. If your dog has a mild case of lepto, your vet may be able to use antibiotics, a fluid drip and other medicines to help fight the disease.Sadly, if your dog becomes seriously ill with leptospirosis, you may need to consider putting them to sleep to stop them suffering.. Leptospirosis has been reported occasionally in zoo animals or Dogs with lepto must be treated in isolation to prevent them spreading it to other pets or hospital staff. 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