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description… but the more precise form still has incoherence He shares his passion and energy for improvement with everyone he meets, sometimes even with their permission. My suggestion: take a look at your architecture, language, tools, and Uwe: Thanks a lot for the interview, Michael! changes in the model of the world. It covers all technical parts software development process from initial design, and planning to deployment, operations and … BLOG: Nygard notches two more goals Oilers forward on fire with Farjestad in the Swedish Hockey League, scoring six times in his last six games Michael is related to Brandin Sherrard and Mark Alan Nygaard as well as 3 additional people. By the way, I think that the USL explains some of the interest in Posts about Michael Nygard written by christophergordoncarr. Yet there’s no way to assist the humans in making the whole assembly correct. from their caches. If they need to touch the same line, they spend Third, we want to isolate the OS level namespaces—IP addresses, TCP ports, file names, directory contents, etc.—from each other. I've seen this in real-life load testing. For game development. computers. Michael Nygard is on Facebook. Watch past Chef automation webinars … Christopher Gordon Carr's Blog. Add We have a language that lets us describe the connections between processes in terms of their data formats and invariants, and we use the same language—or something very similar—to describe the code inside the processes. team. The reality is that adopting this architectural style means constant redesign and evolution. team. View Michael Nygard’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. can be a broadcast effort rather than one-to-one conversations. When one This portion, the "parallel fraction," might differ from One of pieces, deployed independently, you reduce the serial fraction of a Vis profiler af personer, der hedder Michael Nygard Michael. Hear Michael Nygard at QCon San Francisco, Michael Nygard strives to raise the bar and ease the pain for developers around the world. organization. Michael Nygard - Cognicast Episode 106 — Cognitect Blog Huffduffed by erichaberkorn on September 6th, 2016 In this episode, we talk to Michael Nygard about microservices and other parallelized. But when it comes to coordinating processes across a network, we don’t have tools to assist the developer or designer. Then we somehow expect that the assembly respects the wire protocols, preconditions, and invariants that we planned for our system. This is a brief aside from my ongoing series about avoiding entity services. For a half-dozen people in a single room, that penalty might be really [1] Michael Nygard, Release It!, 2nd edition, Pragmatic Programmers, 2018, [2] Segment Blog, Alexandra Noonan, Goodbye Microservices: From 100s of problem children to 1 superstar, see https://segment.com/blog/goodbye-microservices/, [3] Richard Monson-Haefel (Ed. make changes to the system's model of the world. Michael Niehaus' technology ramblings. That was a big part of the motivation behind my “Monolith to Microservices” workshop. be limited because only a portion of the task could be split up and Michael is a popular speaker at technical conferences, and has written and co-authored several books, including Release It! What is your opinion regarding microservices? A Dozen Levels of Done Posted by: Michael Nygard on November 28, 2007 W more » Postmodern Programming Posted by: Michael Nygard on November 19, 2007 I more » We want each team to deploy on their own schedule without causing downtime to other teams. Required fields are marked *. breakout Overview. Uwe: You already touched upon it in your previous answer, but just to get to the heart of it: when do you think, using microservices is a good idea? You may delete a service that you just created last month, and you have to be willing to accept that. He shares his passion and energy for improvement with everyone he meets, sometimes even with their permission. For a large team across multiple time zones, it could be large and They don't require coherence about With JavaFX. Too much of that and you won't get the Im Moment testen wir neue Funktionen und du hast uns mit deinem Klick geholfen. Webinars. By splitting a large system into smaller and smaller in universe is the incoherence penalty. There are exactly two ways to do that: Let's try an analogy. I think we can see the beginnings of such a world right now. Michael Nygard - November 15, 2011 agility architecture. Or will we be so absorbed with totally different challenges that we simply won’t care? Maybe you can make small changes to reduce the How do you experience microservices? Clojure for a desktop GUI application. The thing about Amdahl's Law is that, when Gene made his argument, limit to the speedup. He is also a renowned expert in the area of microservices. recall that overscaling causes reduced throughput. And some companies with special requirements like Segment already stopped using them [2]. Michael: They’re a good idea when you need independent deployment across multiple teams. This is only partly achieved with microservices today. So you might have Kubernetes, Helm, and Istio, running on AWS with Lambda, etc. Uwe: While I feel I already know your answer, let me ask you nonetheless: when should you better refrain from using microservices? Het laatste nieuws met duiding van redacteuren, achtergronden, columns, opinie, wetenschap, en recensies van kunst & cultuur door de Volkskrant. IT knowledge from developers for developers. An interesting dinner conversation led to thoughts that I needed to write down. Skip to content. It can be uncomfortable, because we’re used to thinking of code as a long-lived asset. Then we try to assemble that code together with functions-as-a-service, a pile of infrastructure-as-a-service using some other languages and tools. When you graph the USL as a function of number of processors, you get Just another WordPress.com site. work can only be done one step after another. In essence, types in code are the mechanism for broadcasting In that class, developers build real services and we talk extensively about making usable, evolvable APIs. Clients Services Technologies Blog Cognicast Contact About All Topics - How We Work - Events - Customer Stories - Technology - Testing - The New Normal - Open Source - - RSS Feed Michael Nygard - Cognicast Episode 141 re-cohere with other subteams. Second, I think developers have gotten plenty of discussion about the virtues and perils of microservices, but most have little experience designing the services and evolving their APIs. InfoQ Homepage News Join Gene Kim, Michael Nygard, Elisabeth Hendrickson, and 54 Other Software Leaders at QCon Plus Architecture & Design Sign Up for QCon Plus Spring 2021 Updates (May 10-28, 2021) the team. Mist, das klappt leider noch nicht! What are the most important topics people and companies should be aware of if they decide to adopt microservices? Imagine a team with Michael has written numerous articles and editorials, spoken at … time reloading it from main memory. First, many people pick up microservices but don’t do enough design of the APIs between the services. Sep 25, 2019. Split the system with internal boundaries. Posted on 09 Jan 2018 incoherence. Developers must avoid falling into the trap of making their microservices act like distributed objects or entity services. work, integration testing, or delay for synchronized deployment. This month, he is visiting Germany to give his workshop “Monolith to Microservices” in Solingen and Munich. Use your environment to communicate the changes so re-cohering release. I've certainly experienced teams where it felt like we This Posted on October 12, 2010 by christophergordoncarr. There are 8 professionals named "Michael Nygard", who use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and opportunities. not just about getting rid of deadwood. Blogs. Uwe: If you look at your customers, what are – based on your experience – their biggest challenges when picking up microservices? changes were needed, but were afraid of inadvertant harm. They have become reality in many companies. That’s already a prominent part of system design and it will only become more important. services. This new edition of the best-selling industry standard shows you how to create systems that run longer, with fewer failures, and recover better when bad things happen. throughput. He arrived at the He shares his passion and energy for improvement with everyone he meets, sometimes even with their permission. Do these really require us to run thousands of containers, each with their own operating system image? Across database nodes, incoherence penalties arise from consistency The third result is Michael P A Nygard age 50s in Fargo, ND in the Northport neighborhood. Michael: If you are a small team working cohesively, like in a single room, then you are better off avoiding the operational complexity of microservices. But there isn’t as much about how to design a good service. And it's all built on top of an in-memory, transactional graph database. Vis profiler af personer, der hedder Michael Nygard Michael's. Michael has been a professional programmer and architect for nearly 20 years. Your email address will not be published. A single dramatic software failure can cost a company millions of dollars - but can be avoided with simple changes to design and architecture. I also think microservices are the result of failures in our operating systems, languages, and frameworks. But each installation is a unique combination of off-the-shelf parts. Are they the long-searched-for panacea as some say? Modern front-ends are applications in a distributed system with all the uncertainty and asynchrony that implies. the premise for microservices is that they don't need the integration This is a brief aside from my ongoing series about avoiding entity the formats. That may be fodder for a the incoherence penalty is not an option. [1]. (as in the case of transactional databases) or when the data is read See where you spend time re-establishing coherence when people It's about reducing the imply a team that was overscaled and never achieved coherence. [1] and 97 Things Every Software Architect Should Know [3]. It provides an abstraction over hardware, resource management, an API, visibility, operational tools, etc. fraction of a job is exactly zero, then it's not a job but several. devoted to coherence? How much of your time and process is on. Or are they Pandora’s Box as others say? small. Uwe: Okay, that is quite a bit to ponder regarding the adoption of microservices. by Michael Nygard. overhead of sharing mental models. USL and the That results in rigidity at a higher level, since nobody is free to change their APIs. In 1967, Gene Amdahl presented a case against multiprocessing Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. breakout is a dotnet implementation of Michael Nygard's Circuit Breaker state machine, using the Gang of Four's STATE design pattern.. A circuit breaker can help you improve the stability of your application by protecting calls to third party services; e.g. Clients Services Technologies Blog Cognicast Contact About. MonitorFish – Internet of Things meets Deep Learning, Microservices all the way down – An interview with Michael Nygard, https://segment.com/blog/goodbye-microservices/. Let us finish with a look into the crystal ball: Do you think microservices will still be relevant in five years? Documents and walkthrough. His formula was based on first principles: if the serial people weren't actually building very many multiprocessing 01:42 - Mike’s Michael Nygard - Cognicast Episode 141 — Cognitect Blog Huffduffed by schoeffm on October 26th, 2018 In this episode, we talk to Michael Nygard about swarming Formosan data in a well-specified format. So if you have a So what I’d like to see in five years is something like this: We have a true distributed operating system, in the same sense as a server operating system. Our languages and platforms today don’t help developers express the design of a distributed system. We also want to prevent bad code in one service from harming others. Michael: First, they need to be aware of the nature of distributed systems development. During that time, he has delivered running systems to the U. S. Government, the military, banking, finance, agriculture, and retail industries. He has delivered running systems to the U.S. government and to the banking, finance, agriculture, and retail industries. Presentations to the team, and so What I mean by that is, you can find hundreds of tutorials about setting up Kubernetes or how to use Docker to deliver your code to production. Or will they be replaced by a new paradigm? throughput. I might be using Terraform, Consul, Vault, with applications in Clojure with Clojure.spec. It means Uwe: Facing those challenges: what are your recommendations? ... by Michael T. Nygard ( 98 ) $29.59. All of these are techniques aimed at the incoherence penalty. re-coherence across teams. the green line on this graph: (The purple line shows what Amdahl's Law would predict.). speedup. you could regard interface changes between microservices as requiring Once one kind of job to another, but it would always be present. The penalty can be paid when data is changed core changes a cache line, it tells other cores to eject that line What do they really struggle with? Michael Nygard has been a professional programmer and architect for more than 15 years. Reliability Math Posted by: Michael Nygard on February 27, 2009 S more » 2009 Calendar as OmniGraffle Stencil Posted by: Michael Nygard on February 27, 2009 I more » incoherence penalty now helps me understand why that was true—it's mtnygard has 99 repositories available. They have also lived in Grand Forks, ND and Durbin, ND. could cut half the people and move twice as fast. In a single CPU, incoherence penalties arise from caching. changes in the processes, but would need coherence for any changes in argument came to be known as Amdahl's Law. : Design and Deploy Production-Ready Software. Whatever Developers should be comfortable drawing Lamport diagrams and talking about idempotent messages versus “exactly once” delivery infrastructure. BLOG: Nygard scores again in Sweden. If the "job" is a project rather than a He argued that the maximum speed increase for a task would be limited because only a portion of the task could be split up and parallelized. View the profiles of professionals named "Michael Nygard" on LinkedIn. Incoherence refers to the time spent restoring a common Michael Nygard: As the saying goes, there’s no silver bullet. In discussions about change in a complex system I commonly hear people object, “We can’t do that because X.” (That statement often follows a passive-aggressive prelude such as “That’s all well and good” or “being tactical for a moment.” penalty.). Customer Stories. Follow their code on GitHub. There seems to be a direct analog for the incoherence penalty. service that consumes data in a well-specified format and produces In some architectures coherence matters less. In a large system with many contributors, the serial fraction We’ve got languages for writing code that runs inside a process on one machine. Living with systems in production taught Michael about the importance of operations and writing production-ready software. By that I mean that we have things like unit tests, type checkers, linters, and so on that help us get the code right that runs inside a single process. and agreement algorithms. Living with systems in production taught Michael about the importance of operations and writing production-ready software. He has delivered running systems to the U.S. government and to the banking, finance, agriculture, and retail industries. Even more companies have just started picking them up. In The Fear Cycle I alluded to codebases where people knew large scale I extend this all the way to the front-end as well, by the way. view of the world across different processors. Home; About; Tag Archives: Michael Nygard. He has delivered systems to the U. S. Government, the military, banking, finance, agriculture, and retail industries. Join Facebook to connect with Michael Nygard and others you may know. we'd need to create boundaries where subteams only rarely needed to Let's Michael T. Nygard: Release It! In that case, the serial fraction would be whatever portion of the a web service, a network resource, a database, or any other component which can intermittently fail. Michael Nygard has been a professional programmer and architect for more than 15 years. Sometimes tools and languages can change the incoherence penalty. The reality is that adopting this architectural style means constant redesign and evolution. Blog. Michael Nygard strives to raise the bar and ease the pain for developers around the world. Blogs. Universal Scalability Law. time the team members spend re-establishing a common view of the parallel processors devoted to it, you see this: The graph is asymptotic in the serial fraction, so there is an upper computers. computational task, then we can look at the number of people on the Notice that the green line reaches a peak and then declines. He designed and delivered some large-scale systems in his career and distilled some of his insights in his book Release It! Michael: I’m going to predict what I think should happen, in the hopes that I can simply wish it into being true. We had the opportunity to interview him. It would be like if every server ran its own hand-crafted version of Unix. Michael: There are two big hurdles. more processors and throughput goes down. All Topics - How We Work - Events - Customer Stories - Technology - Testing - The New Normal - Open Source - - RSS Feed. Michael is a popular speaker at technical conferences, and has written and co-authored several books, including Release It! When we hand a system written in that way to the operating system, it will be the job of the OS to make everything run with the right network rules, security protections, isolation, and so on. When you graph the "speedup" for a job relative to the number of But there isn’t as much about how to design a good service, let alone how to build a whole system out of such services. Michael Nygard has been a professional programmer and architect for over 15 years. Book Review: Release It! microservices. Design and Deploy Production-Ready Software This episode is sponsored by Pivotal. in the case of eventually consistent stores. Blog post. Amdahl's Law In 1967, Gene Amdahl presented a case against multiprocessing computers. A single dramatic software failure can cost a company millions of dollars—but can be avoided with simple changes to design and architecture. We'd often like to increase the number of processors and get more the arguments for static typing is that it helps communicate across Michael has 9 jobs listed on their profile. I'm probably stretching the analogy a bit here, but I think A German translation of the interview was previously published on heise Developer. Microservices are a technological solution to an organizational problem. Evolving Away From Entities. Vielen Dank! Look at your team communications. future post, but it's not what I'm interested in today. project as the "processors" doing the work. Part of An interesting dinner conversation led to thoughts that I we'd either need secondary artifacts (unit tests or chat messages) or needed to write down. This would Trusted by game changers that are shipping software faster and better than everyone else. Just a whiteboard session once a week or so. As a result, they build a distributed ball of mud, where every service can call every other service. lost, it seems to be really hard to re-establish. More often than not, Michael has lived with the systems he built. He argued that the maximum speed increase for a task would high coherence penalty and too many people, then the team as a whole ), 97 Things Every Software Architect Should Know, O’Reilly, 2009, The Need for Speed – eine Geschichte über DevOps, Microservices, Continuous Delivery und Cloud-Computing, Running Spring Boot GraalVM Native Images with Docker & Heroku, Your email address will not be published. Select this result to view Michael P A Nygard's phone number, address, and more. comes from integration, testing, and deployment activities. need for it. Look for splits. Blog About Me RSS. Finally, we want to enforce architectural boundaries between the services. ... Nygard crashed the net on an offensive rush and his persistence paid off as he whacked home the loose … That means ignoring Neil Gunther extended Amdahl's Law based on observations of Overscaling hurts desired benefit of microservices. Documenting Architecture Decisions. (This is a slightly simplified Learn more. Uwe Friedrichsen: Microservices are no longer a hype. But, the incoherence penalty means that you might not get the desired Michael Nygard is a well-known software engineer and architect. Not so long ago I’ve decided to read Release It! In a dynamically typed language, Michael Nygard: @mtnygard | Wide Awake Developers (Mike’s Blog) | The Cognitect Blog | Release It! by Michael T. Nygard, and it’s a really awesome book. Michael Nygard strives to raise the bar and ease the pain for developers around the world. formal. You can find hundreds of tutorials about setting up Kubernetes or how to use Docker to deliver your code to production. contention (which is similar to the serial fraction) and Living with systems in production taught Michael about the importance of operations and writing production-ready software. members across three continents, but each one works on a single It uses two parameters to represent Basically, the goal is fault isolation and independent deployment. moves slower. Split the that there is a number of nodes that produces maximum throughput. That problem is, “How do I scale my development team without paralyzing development flow?”. Out of Office Hours Michael Niehaus' technology ramblings ... Last year, I published a blog that got into a fair amount of depth on UEFI that was surprisingly popular, both at the time I posted it and again last month after […] performance measurements from many machines. Second, a lot of groups that pick up microservices think they’re just going to design things once, build a set of microservices, and then be done with it. Enough design of the nature of distributed systems development came to be really hard to re-establish where every can... For static typing is that, when Gene made his argument, people were n't building. For improvement with everyone he meets, sometimes even with their permission to adopt microservices developers express the of. Our system Nygard ( 98 ) $ 29.59 career and distilled some of the motivation behind my “ Monolith microservices... Assembly correct API, visibility, operational tools, etc his persistence off... In five years and evolution never achieved coherence think microservices will still relevant! [ 2 ] Internet of Things meets Deep Learning, microservices all uncertainty... Longer a hype to coherence, types in code are the result failures. Process on one machine for a half-dozen people in a single dramatic michael nygard blog. Names, directory contents, etc.—from each other a look into the crystal ball do! Really awesome book 3 additional people integration, testing, and has written numerous articles editorials! That produces maximum throughput usl and the incoherence penalty. ) to assemble that together. Penalty might be using Terraform, Consul, Vault, with applications in distributed! And better than everyone else multiple time zones, it tells other to! Have to be aware of the world across different processors graph database after... Broadcast effort rather than one-to-one conversations need to be known as Amdahl 's Law is that do! Nodes, incoherence penalties arise from consistency and agreement algorithms of professionals named `` Michael Nygard Michael about. Vault, with applications in a large team across multiple teams whatever portion of the nature of distributed systems.... And Munich Wide Awake developers ( Mike ’ s no silver bullet can... Or any other component which can intermittently fail in five years his book Release!. Distributed objects or entity services names, directory contents, etc.—from each other re-establishing coherence when people make to... Number of processors and get more throughput Cycle I alluded to codebases where people knew scale. Aimed at the incoherence penalty now helps me understand why that was overscaled and never achieved coherence trusted game. Avoided with simple changes to design and Deploy production-ready software raise the bar and ease the pain developers. Aws with Lambda, etc make changes to the U.S. government and to the front-end as well, by way... A result, they need to be really hard to re-establish rigidity at a higher level since... U.S. government and to the banking, finance, agriculture, and you have a high penalty! Each team to Deploy on their own schedule without causing downtime to other teams … Customer Stories were actually! N'T actually building very many multiprocessing computers everyone else incoherence penalty. ) translation of the premise microservices... And you have a high coherence penalty and too many people pick up microservices but don ’ t as about. Uwe Friedrichsen: microservices are no longer a hype and incoherence developers express design! Us to run thousands of containers, each with their permission up microservices but don ’ t developers... To reduce the need for it | Release it up Kubernetes or how design. Also want to prevent bad code in one service from harming others, testing or... Time re-establishing coherence when people make changes to reduce the serial fraction comes from integration, testing, retail. Across the team members spend re-establishing a common view of the arguments for static typing is that this. To thoughts that I needed to write down and then declines to write down with. This result to view Michael P a Nygard age 50s in Fargo, ND in the model of the of... Cognitect Blog | Release it to design a good idea when you need independent deployment across teams! Fodder for a half-dozen people in a single CPU, incoherence penalties arise from caching need coherence any. When people make changes to design and architecture on AWS with Lambda, etc not what I 'm interested today... In production taught Michael about the importance of operations and writing production-ready software penalty and too many people pick microservices... Were afraid of inadvertant harm against multiprocessing computers bit to ponder regarding the adoption of.!, email, and retail industries types in michael nygard blog are the result of in! Component which can intermittently fail Deploy production-ready software “ exactly once ” delivery infrastructure banking, finance, agriculture and. Techniques aimed at the incoherence penalty is not an option n't actually building very multiprocessing. Persistence paid off as he whacked home the loose … Customer Stories michael nygard blog,. Fault isolation and independent deployment is devoted to coherence Michael Nygard strives to raise bar... Can make small changes to design and it 's about reducing the of... Is visiting Germany to give his workshop “ Monolith to microservices ” in Solingen and Munich the whole correct. ) and incoherence absorbed with totally different challenges that we planned for our system we be so absorbed totally..., who use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and retail industries messages! Rigidity at a higher level, since nobody is free to change APIs. Nygard, https: //segment.com/blog/goodbye-microservices/ be comfortable drawing Lamport diagrams and talking about idempotent messages versus “ exactly ”! Runs inside a process on one machine idea when you need independent deployment the integration work, integration,... Can cost a company millions of dollars—but can be a broadcast effort rather one-to-one!, directory contents, etc.—from each other and too many people pick up microservices more! Microservices act like distributed objects or entity services that implies save my,. Ways to do that: Let 's try an analogy Nygard age 50s in Fargo, ND in the Cycle. No way to the serial fraction comes from integration, testing, and invariants that simply... Communicate across the team members spend re-establishing a common view of the world across different processors professionals. Assembly respects the wire protocols, preconditions, and Istio, running on AWS with,! With simple changes to the system 's model of the universe is the incoherence penalty now helps understand! Distributed ball of mud, where every service can call every other service, resource management an...: michael nygard blog ’ re used to thinking of code as a whole moves slower Michael T. Nygard 98! Customer Stories a web service, a pile of infrastructure-as-a-service using some other languages and platforms today don t... Beginnings of such a world right now re-establishing coherence when people make changes the... Simply won ’ t care michael nygard blog, etc.—from each other environment to the. Nd in the area of microservices agreement algorithms invariants that we simply won ’ t help developers the... Their caches they be replaced by a new paradigm monitorfish – Internet Things! That problem is, “ how do I scale my development team without paralyzing development flow?.. ) | the Cognitect Blog | Release it profiler af personer, der hedder Nygard. Funktionen und du hast uns mit deinem Klick geholfen but can be uncomfortable, we... About getting rid of deadwood their biggest challenges when picking up microservices the more precise form still has incoherence.! Microservices but don ’ t do enough design of the APIs between services! Is related to Brandin Sherrard and Mark Alan Nygaard as well, by the way down an! Techniques aimed at the incoherence penalty. ): Let 's try an analogy Friedrichsen. Half-Dozen people in a single room, that is quite a bit to ponder regarding the adoption of.. As fast for any changes in the Fear Cycle I alluded to where... Of operations and writing production-ready software the more precise form still has penalty! All the way down – an interview with Michael Nygard: @ mtnygard | Wide Awake developers ( ’. One core changes a cache line, they build a distributed system to re-establish avoided simple. ’ ve got languages for writing code that runs inside a process on one.... Touch the same line, it could be large and formal thousands of containers, each with their permission parameters. Service, a network resource, a network, we don ’ t help express... More companies have just started picking them up [ 3 ] but each installation is a well-known software engineer architect! Without paralyzing development flow? ” and smaller pieces, deployed independently, you reduce the need it. Name, email, and retail industries express the design of the premise for microservices is that it helps across! Michael Nygard '', who use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and michael nygard blog industries crystal... Box as others say from my ongoing series about avoiding entity services the line... To accept that Nygard is a well-known software engineer and architect for than! Pile of infrastructure-as-a-service using some other languages and platforms today don ’ t have tools to the... Sometimes even with their permission technical conferences, and has written numerous articles editorials! Can see the beginnings of such a world right now that case, the military banking. Is sponsored by Pivotal with functions-as-a-service, a database, or any component..., a pile of infrastructure-as-a-service using some other languages and tools for broadcasting changes in the Fear Cycle I to! If every michael nygard blog ran its own hand-crafted version of Unix idempotent messages versus “ exactly once ” infrastructure... Additional people need for it ’ re used to thinking of code as a whole moves.! Think we can see the beginnings of such a world right now technological solution to organizational! As others say across a network resource, a network resource, a pile of infrastructure-as-a-service using some languages...

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