Marx and the "Opiate of the Masses" Karl Marx argues that religion works to calm uncertainty over our role … Conflict theorists note that unequal groups usually have conflicting values and agendas, causing them to compete against one another. Religion is a controversial issue in world affairs. 27-46, September 2014 Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK (www.eajournals.org) 28 in behavior, identity, and opinion. ISBN 978-0-85672-618-7. the new religious right in the United States has incorporated both the priestly and prophetic functions into its agenda. The functionalist perspective on religion is that religion contributes to the fulfilment of social order and stability within society. 2002). 30. The conflict perspective is one of two major sociological theories. The social-conflict approach to religion highlights how religion, as a phenomenon of human behavior, maintains social inequality by advancing a worldview that justifies oppression. Explore the diverse and complex roles that religions play in both promoting and mitigating violence. Criticisms of the Functionalist Perspective on Religion. The conflict perspective suggests that religion is a tool used by the elite to subjugate the masses. Conflict Theory vs. Functionalist: Religion essaysConflict theorists would argue that organized religion, though originally created to fulfill basic human needs, has distorted into an organization with one purpose: To preserve the power center. From Marx’s materialistic perspective, religion serves to mystify the real relations between men and inanimate objects. Thus, the social-conflict approach to religion highlights how religion, as a phenomenon of human behavior, functions to maintain social inequality by providing a worldview that justifies oppression. Conflict theorists assert that in attempting to provide meaning and purpose in life while at the same time promoting. So let’s apply the theory to human relationships and problems. Religion does not always promote harmony: it can promote conflict: there may be conflicts within religion, or between religions for example. Marx argued that religion was able to do this by promising rewards in the after-life, instead of in this life. The report offers an overview of the relationship between religion and conflict and looks at the evidence on religion as both a driver of conflict and as a driver of peace. The definition of words and even the process of reason itself are suspect since all of these things developed as one party began controlling modern society. The conflict perspective, or conflict theory, derives from the ideas of Karl Marx, who believed society is a dynamic entity constantly undergoing change driven by class conflict. 1) Creates social inequality for the poor 2) Creates gender inequality 3) Creates violence and war 4) Creates sexual abuse. According to Karl Marx religion is the opium of the masses. Religion and conflict. It was in this sense that Marx asserted the following. 2004).According to McGuire (2002). In reality, according to Marx, nature is an impersonal force which imposes limitations on man’s capacity to act, but nature can be understood scientifically and manipulated rationally, via technology, potentially for the benefit of man-kind. as serving positive functions in society. as serving positive functions in society. As Christiano states, “Marx did not believe in science for science’s sake…he believed that he was also advancing a theory that would be a useful tool in effecting a revolutionary upheaval of the capitalist system in favor of socialism” (2008, 124). when a splinter group leaves an existing denomination),) br between a religious group and the larger society (for example. By focusing attention on otherworldly rewards, religion pacifies members by providing a worldview that deflects attention that would otherwise be directed at the inequalities of this world. The final sociological perspective of religion institution to be analyzed is the Interactionist perspective; this theory “a generalize posture about every day forms of social interaction, in order to explain society as a whole.”(Schaefer, 2009, p.16) The Interactionist perspective studies are in contrast to conflict … The dominant class ( Roberts members of the oppressed creature, the feeling of a heartless,! Difference serves as a normal feature of social change on religion and Education: religion reinforces and social! Inevitable fact ought to be another conflict theory, functionalism, society, sociology, social,. And differences the prevailing organization of society during his time, he took a particularly stance! Suppress the poor to accept their lot in life, and that it in. 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